Transatlantic transport and deposition of Saharan dust and its marine environmental consequences

Jan-Berend Stuut 1 ,2, Catarina Guerreiro3, Chris Munday1, Geert-Jan Brummer1, Laura Korte1, Michelle Van der Does1
1NIOZ - Royal Netherlands Institute for Sea Research, and Utrecht University, Texel, The Netherlands, 2MARUM - Center for Marine Environmental Sciences, Bremen, Germany, 3Bremen University, Faculty of Earth Sciences, Bremen, Germany

Massive amounts of Northwest African dust are transported westward over the Atlantic Ocean towards the Americas each year. These dust particles are thought to feed back on climate through a number of mechanisms including reflection of solar energy at the top of the atmosphere, absorption of energy that was reflected at the Earth's surface in the lower atmosphere, changes of the Earth's albedo, and fertilisation of both terrestrial and marine ecosystems.
We are monitoring Saharan dust transport and deposition using an array of instruments that was deployed along a transect between Northwest Africa and the Caribbean at 12N. In October 2012, we deployed five moorings along this transect between 23W and 56W with sediment traps that collect all material settling down through the water column on a temporal resolution of about two weeks. In November 2013, we added three dust-collecting buoys to the transect. The instruments on these buoys filter air to collect the dust particles that are suspended in the air just above sea level. In March 2016, the instruments were recovered and re-deployed for the fourth time, so that three years of sampling can help us understand the temporal and spatial variability of Saharan-dust deposition and its marine environmental effects. In this presentation, we will introduce the projects in the framework of which this study is carried out, and present preliminary data on grain-size trends as well as marine-environmental observations.

See: www.nioz.nl/dust